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人教版八年级下册课本知识点梳理

中学考试 2019-02-10 11:30:21



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      小芳老师把八年级下册课本重点短语和句型进行了归纳总结,你在玩儿的间隙拿出来看看,也能学到不少东西呢!


Unit 1 What’s the matter?


【重点短语】

1.have a fever 发烧

2.have a cough 咳嗽

3.have a toothache 牙疼

4.talk too much 说得太多

5.drink enough water 喝足够的水

6.have a cold 受凉;感冒

7.have a stomachache 胃疼

8.have a sore back 背疼

9.have a sore throat 喉咙痛

10. take risks 冒险

11.hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶

12.see a dentist 看牙医

13.get an X-ray 拍X 光片

14.take one’ s temperature 量体温

15.put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷药

16. give up 放弃

17. sound like 听起来像

18. all weekend 整个周末

19. in the same way 以同样的方式

20. go to a doctor 看医生

21. go along 沿着……走

22. on the side of the road 在马路边

23. shout for help 大声呼救

24. without thinking twice 没有多想

25. get off 下车

26. have a heart problem 有心脏病

27. to one’ s surprise 另某人惊讶的是

28. thanks to 多亏了 ;由于

29. in time 及时

30. make a decision 做出决定 

31. get into trouble 造成麻烦

32. right away 立刻;马上

33. because of 由于

34. get out of 离开;从……出来

35. keep on doing sth. 继续或坚持做某事

36. put a bandage on sth. 用绷带包扎

37. fall down 摔倒

38. feel sick 感到恶心

39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血

40. cut his knee 割伤他的膝盖

41. put her head back 把她的头向后仰

42. have problems breathing 呼吸困难

43. mountain climbing 登山运动

44. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事

45. run out (of) 用完;用尽

46. so that 以便

47. so...that... 如此……以至于...…

48. be in control of 掌管;管理

49. in a difficult situation 在闲境中


【重点句型】

1. What\\\\'s the matter with you?= What\\\\'the trouble with you?

= What\\\\'s wrong with you? 你怎么了?


2. What should she do? 她该怎么办呢?


3.Should I take my temperature? 我应该量一下体温吗?


4.You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下休息一会儿。


5. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book? 你认为它是来自报纸还是书呢?


6. I think I sat in the same way for too long without moving.我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。


7. She said that the man had a heart problem and should go to the hospital. 她说这个人有心脏病应该去医院。

Unit 2 I ’ll help to clean up the city parks.


【重点短语】

1.Clean-Up Day 清洁日

2. an old people’s home 养老院

3. help out with sth. 帮助解决困难

4. used to 过去常常......

5. care for 关心;照顾

6. the look of joy 快乐的表情

7. at the age of 在......岁时

8.clean up 打扫(或清除)干净

9. cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振奋

10. give out 分发;散发

11. come up with 想出;提出

12. make a plan 制订计划

13. make some notices 做些公告牌

14. try out 试用;试行

15. work for 为…工作;为…. 效力

16. put up 建造;举起;张贴

17. hand out 分发;散发;发给

18. call up 打电话;召集

19. put off 推迟;延迟

20. for example 比如;例如

21. raise money 筹钱;募捐

22. take after 与......相像;像

23. give away 赠送;捐赠

24. fix up 修理;修补;解决

25. be similar to 与……相似

26. set up 建立;设立

27. disabled people 残疾人

28. make a difference 影响;有作用

29. be able to 能够

30. after-school reading program 课外阅读项目


【重点句型】

1. The boy could give out food at the food bank. 这个男孩可以在食品救济站分发食物。


2. Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now. 清洁日离现在仅仅两周的时间。


3. He volunteers at an animal hospital every Saturday morning. 每周六上午,他都在一\\\\'家动物医院当志愿者。


4. Last year, she decided to try out for a volunteer after-school reading program. 去年,她决定去参加一个课外阅读项目的志愿者的选拔。


5.You can see in their eyes that they\\\\'re going on a different journey with each new book. 从他们的眼睛里你可以看到他们正在进行每本不同的新书之旅。


6. I want to put off my plan to work in an animal hospital until next summer. 我想把我在动物医院工作的计划推迟到明年夏天。


7. Most people today are only worried about getting good jobs to make lots of money. 现在的大部分人只是为找一份能挣许多钱的好工作而着急。


8. You helped to make it possible for me to have Luck. 在你的帮助下,我才有可能拥有“幸运儿”。

Unit 3 Could you please clean your room?


【重点短语】

1.go out for dinner 出去吃饭

2.stay out late 在外面待到很晚

3.go to the movies 去看电影

4.get a ride 搭车

5.work on 从事

6.finish doing sth. 完成做某事

7.clean and tidy 干净整洁的

8.do the dishes 洗餐具

9.take out the rubbish 倒垃圾

10.fold your/the clothes 叠衣服

11.sweep the floor 扫地

12.make your/the bed 整理床铺

13.clean the livng room 打扫客厅

14.no problem 没问题

15.welcome sb. 欢迎某人

16.come home from school/work放学/下班回家

17.throw down 扔下

18.sit down 坐下

19.come over 过来

20.take sb. for a walk 带某人去散步

21.all the time 一直;总是

22.all day/evening 整曰/夜

23.do housework 做家务

24.shout back 大声回应

25.walk away 走开

26.share the housework 分担家务

27.a comfortable home 一个舒适的家

28.in surprise 惊讶地

29.get something to drink 拿点喝的东西

30.watch one show 观看一个节目

31.hang out 闲逛

32.pass sb. sth. 把某物传给某人

33.lend sb. sth. 把某物借给某人

34.get sth. wet 使某物弄湿

35. hate to do sth. 讨厌做某事

36.do chores 做杂务

37.help sb. (to ) d o /with sth•帮助某人干某事

38.bring a tent带顶帐篷来

39.buy some snacks买些小吃

40.go to the store去商店

41.invite sb. to a party邀请某人参加聚会

42.make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

43.enough stress足够的压力

44.a waste of time浪费时间

45.in order to为了

46.get good grades取得好成绩

47.mind doing sth. 介意做某事

48.depend on依赖;依靠

49.develop children ’ s independence发展孩子的独立性

50.look after/take care of 照顾;照看

51.do one’ s part in (doing ) sth. 做某人分内的事


【重点句型】

1.Could you please clean your room? 你能打扫一下你的房间吗?


2. I have to do some work. 我必须干些活。


3. Could I use your computer? 我可以用一下你的电脑吗?


4. She won\\\\'t be happy if she sees this mess. 如果她看到这样乱七八糟的话,她会不高兴的。


5. For one week, she did not do any housework and neither did I. 整整一周,她什么家务活都不干了,我也一样。


6. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in front of the TV .我一在电视机前坐下,我妈妈就过来了。


7. I hate to do chores. 我不喜欢做杂务。

Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?


【重点短语】

1.have free time有空闲时间

2.allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

3.hang out with sb. 与某人闲逛

4. after-school classes课外活动课

5. get into a fight with sb.与某人吵架/打架

6. until midnight直到半夜

7. talk to sb. 与某人交谈

8. too many太多

9. study too much学得过多

10. get enough sleep有足够的睡眠

11. write sb. a letter给某人写信

12. call sb. up打电话给某人

13. surprise sb. 令某人惊讶

14. look through翻看

15. be angry with sb. 生某人的气

16. a big deal重要的事

17. work out成功地发展;解决

18. get on with与...相处

19. fight a lot经常吵架/打架

20. hang over笼罩

21. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事

22. offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事

23. so that以便

24. mind sb. doing sth. 介意某人做某事

25. all the time一直

26. in future今后

27. make sb. angry使某人生气

28. worry about sth. 担心某事

29. copy one’ s homework抄袭某人的作业

30. be oneself做自己

31. family members

32. spend time alone独自消磨时光

33. give sb. pressure给某人施压

34. have a fight with sb. 与某人吵架

35. compete with sb. 与某人竞争

36. free time activities业余活动

37. get better grades取得更好的成绩

38. give one’ s opinion提出某人的观点

39. learn exam skills学习应试技巧

40. practice sports体育训练

41. cause stress造成压力

42. cut out删除


【重点句型】

1. I studied until midnight last night so I didn\\\\'t get enough sleep. 我昨晚学习到半夜所以睡眠不足。


2. Why don\\\\'t you forget about it?  你为什么不忘掉它呢?


3. Although she\\\\'s wrong , it,s not a big deal. 虽然她错了,但这并不是什么大事儿。


4. He should talk to his friend so that he can say he\\\\'s sorry.他应该跟朋友谈谈以便他能说声对不起。


5. Maybe you could go to his house. 也许你可以去他家。


6. I guess I could, but I don\\\\'t want to surprise him. 我想我可以,但我不想让他感到惊讶。

Unit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?


【重点短语】

1.make sure 确信;确认

2.beat against... 拍打……

3. fall asleep 进人梦乡;睡着

4. die down 逐渐变弱;逐渐消失

5. wake up 醒来

6. in a mess 一团糟

7. break...apart 使……分离

8. in times of difficulty 在困难的时候

9. at the time of 当.......时候

10. go off (闹钟)发出响声

11. take a hot shower 洗热水澡

12. miss the bus 错过公交车

13. pick up 接电话

14. bring... together 使……靠拢

15. in the area 在这个地区

16. miss the event 错过这个事件

17. by the side of the road 在路边

18. the Animal Helpline 动物保护热线

19. walk by 走路经过

20. make one’s way to.... 在某人去……的路上

21. hear the news 听到这个消息

22.important events in history 历史上的重大事件

23.for example 例如

24.be killed 被杀害

25. over 50 50多(岁)

26. a school pupil 一个小学生

27. on the radio 通过广播

28.in silence 沉默;无声

29.more recently 最近地;新近

30.the World Trade Center 世贸中心

31.take down 拆除;摧毁

32.have meaning to 对……有意义

33.remember doing sth. 记得做过某事

34.at first 首先;最初


【重点句型】

1. — What were you doing at eight last night? 昨晚8点你在干什么?

— I was taking a shower. 我在洗淋浴。


2. When it began to rain, Ben was helping his mom make dinner. 当开始下雨的时候,本正在帮他妈妈做晚饭。


3. — What was Jenny doing while Linda was sleeping? 琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在干什么?

— While Linda was sleeping, Jenny was helping Mary with her homework. 琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在帮玛丽做作业。

Unit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains.


【重点短语】

1. work on doing sth. 致力于做某事

2. as soon as ...  一……就…....

3. once upon a time 从前

4. continue to do sth. 继续做某事

5. make sth. happen 使某事发生

6.try to do sth. 努力做某事

7. the journey to sp. ......之旅

8. tell the/a story 讲故事

9. put on 穿

10. a little bit 有点儿

11. keep doing sth. 坚持做某事

12. give up 放弃

13. instead of 代替;反而

14. turn...into... 使......变成......

15. get married 结婚

16. the main character 主要人物;主人公

17. at other times 在另外一些时候

18. be able to 能;会

19. come out (书、电影等)出版

20. become interested in... 对……感兴趣

21. walk to the other side 走到另一边去

22. a fairy tale 一个神话故事

23. the rest of the story 故事的其余部分

24. leave sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事

25. make a plan to do sth. 筹划/计划做某事

26. go to sleep 去睡觉

27. lead sb. to sp. 把某人领到某地

28. get lost 迷路

29. change one’s plan 改变计划

30. tell sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事

31. in the moonlight 在月光下

32. find one’ s way home 找到某人回家的路

33. the next day 第二天

34. send sb. to sp. 派某人去某地

35. so...that... 如此.......以致于.......


【重点句型】

1.So what do you think about the story of Yu Gong? 你觉得愚公的故事怎么样?


2. It doesn\\\\'t seem very possible to move a mountain. 把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。


3.This is because he can make 72 changes to his shape and size, turning himself into different animals and objects. 这是因为他会根据他的形状和大小,做出72种变化,可以将自己变成不同的动物或东西。


4.Sometimes he can make the stick so small that he can keep it in his ear. 有时候,他能够让他的金箍棒变得很小,以至于可以放在耳朵里。


5.Because they were so big that it took a long time to walk to the other side. 这些(山)太高了,他们要花好长时间才能翻越过去。


6.Don\\\\'t eat it until you get to the forest. 你们到达森林之后才能吃。

Unit 7 W hat\\\\'s the highest mountain in the world?


【重点短语】

1. as big as 与……一样大

2. one of the oldest countries 最古老的国家之一

3. feel free to do sth. 随意地做某事

4. as far as I know 据我所知

5. man-made objects 人造物体

6. part of... ...... 的组成部分

7. the highest mountain 最高的山脉

8. in the world 在世界上

9. any other mountain 其它任何一座山

10. of all the salt lakes 在所有的咸水湖中

11. run along 跨越……

12. freezing weather 冰冻的天气

13. take in air 呼吸空气

14. the first people to do sth. 第一个做某事的人

15. in the face of difficulties 面临危险

16. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事

17. achieve one’ s dream 实现某人的梦想

18. the forces of nature 自然界的力量

19. reach the top 到达顶峰

20. even though 虽然;尽管

21. at birth 在出生的时候

22. be awake 醒着

23. run over with excitement 兴奋地跑过去

24. walk into sb. 撞到某人

25. fall over 摔倒

26. take care of 照顾;照料

27. every two years 每两年

28. cut down the forests 砍伐林木

29. endangered animals 濒危动物

30. fewer and fewer pandas 大熊猫越来越少

31. be in danger 处于危险之中

32. the importance of saving these animals 拯救这些动物的重要性


【重点句型】

1.It is also very hard to take in air as you get near the top. 当你接近山顶时,连呼吸都会困难。


2.One of the main reasons is because people want to challenge themselves in the face of difficulties. 其中的一个主要的原因是人们想要在面临困难时挑战自己。


3.The spirit of these climbers shows us that we should never give up trying to achieve our dreams. 这些登山者的精神向我们证明:我们永远都不应该放弃实现自己的梦想。


4. How high is Qomolangma? 穆朗玛峰有多高?


5. Although Japan is older than Canada,it is much smaller.虽然日本比加拿大有更悠久的历史,但是日本比加拿大小多了。


6.Adult pandas spend more than 12 hours a day eating about 10 kilos of bamboo. 成年大熊猫一天要花1 2 个多小时的时间吃大约十千克竹子。

Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?


【重点短语】

1.on page 25 在第25页

2. the back of the book 书的背面

3. hurry up 赶快;匆忙

. in two weeks 在两周之内

5. go out to sea 出海

6. an island full of treasures 一个满是宝藏的岛屿

7. w rite about 写作关于……的内容

8. finish doing sth. 做完某事

9. w ait for another ship 等待另一艘船到来

10. learn to do sth. 学会做某事

11. grow fruits and vegetables 种水果和蔬菜

12. a few weeks ago 几个星期前

13. the marks of another man’ s feet 另一个人的脚印

14. not long after that 不久之后

15. run towards sp. 跑向某地

16. use...to do sth. 用……来做某事

17. signs left behind by someone 某人留下的标记

18. read the newspaper 看报

19. science fiction 科幻小说

20. can’ t w ait to do sth. 迫不及待地做某事

21. a good way to wake up 醒来的一个好办法

22. number of people 人数

23. used to do sth. (过去)常常做某事

24. study abroad 在国外学习

25. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

26. come to realize 开始意识到

27. ever since then 自从那时起

28. the southern states of America 美国的南部地区

29. belong to 属于

30. be kind to each other 善待彼此

31. trust one another 互相信任

32. the beauty of nature 大自然的美

33. have been to sp. 去过某地

34. do some research on sth. 对……做研究

35. hope to do sth. 希望做某事

36. see sb. do sth. 看到某人做某事

37. the firs t line in the song歌曲的第一行

38. enjoy success in享受……的成功

39. at the end of the day傍晚的时候


【重点句型】

1.— Have you read little Women yet? 你读过《小妇人》吗?

— Yes,I have. /No,I haven\\\\'t. 是的,我读过。/ 不,我没有。


2. — Has Tina read Treasure Island yet? 蒂娜读过《金银岛》这本书吗?

— Yes, she has. She thinks i t \\\\'s fantastic. 是的,她读过。她觉得它很棒。


3. Would you like something to drink? 你要来点喝的吗?


4. I heard you lost your key. 我听说你丢钥匙了。


5.She came to realize how much she actually missed all of them. 她开始意识到,事实上她是多么想念他们所有的人。

Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum?


【重点短语】

1. at night 在晚上

2.in a more natural environment 在一个更加自然的环境中

3. all year round 一年到头,终年

4.be far from 离......远

5.in the dark 在黑暗中

6. in the past 在过去

7.have been to sp 去过某地

8.science museum科学博物馆

9.history museum 历史博物馆

10.amusement park 游乐园

11.go somewhere different 去不同的地方

12.go skating 去滑冰

13.take the subway 坐地铁

14.a great way to spend a Saturday afternoon 一个过周六下午的好办法

15.all the old movie camera 所有的古老的电影摄影机

16. learn about sth 了解有关.....的情况

17. on the weekend 在周末

18.camp in the mountains 在大山里露营

19.put up a tent 搭帐篷

20.in such a rapid way 以如此速猛的方式

21.different kinas of 各种各样的

22.development of toilets 厕所的发展

23.social groups 社会团体

24.the tea art performances 茶艺表演

25. make a perfect cup of tea with beautiful tea sets.用漂亮的茶具沏一杯完美的茶

26. a nice place to enjoy tea 一个品茶的好地方

27.Thousands of 数以千计的

28.international Museum of Toilets 国际厕所博物馆

29.the Terracotta Army 兵马俑

30.southeast Asia 东南亚

31.night Safari 夜间动物园

32.three quarters 四分之三

33. an English-speaking country 一个讲英语的国家

34.have a problem doing sth 做某事很困难

35.during the daytime 在白天

36. a couple of times 好几次

37.right now 现在,目前

38. an amusement park with a special theme 一个有特别的主题的游乐园

39. Walk around the park 在公园里到处走

40. hear of 听说

41. take a ride 兜风

42.another province 另一个省

43.the Bird’s Nest 鸟巢

44.encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人做某事

45.on the one hand....on the other hand 一方面,另一方面


【重点句型】

1. Have you ever been to a science museum? 你曾经去过科学博物馆吗?


2.Let\\\\'s go somewhere different today. 让我们今天去不同的地方吧。


3. It\\\\'s unbelievable that technology has progressed in such a rapid way. 科技以如此速猛的方式发展真是令人难以置信啊!


4. Whether you like Indian food, Western food or Japanese food, you,ll find it all in Singapore! 不管你喜欢印度食品,西方食品还是日本食品,在新加坡你都能找到!


5.One great thing about Singapore is that the temperature is almost the same all year round. 新加坡一个很大的特征是它的气温几乎一年到头都是一样的。


6. It is best to visit Singapore. 最好游览新加坡。

Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years.


【重点短语】

1. these days 目前,现在

2.regard with great interest 以极大的兴趣关注着

3. in order to 为了

4.so far 迄今,到目前为止

5. in need 需要

6. not...any more 不再.....

7. welcome to sp 欢迎来到.....

8.check out 察看,观察

9. board games 棋类游戏

10. one last thing 最后一样东西

11. junior high school 初级中学

12.clear out 清理

13. no longer 不再

14.toy monkey 玩具猴

15. part with 与.....分开

16. to be honest 说实在的

17. ride a bike 骑自行车

18. have a yard sale 进行庭院拍卖会

19. one’s old things 某人的旧东西

20. bring back sweet memories 勾起甜美的回忆

21. give away 捐赠

22. play for a while 玩一会

23. do with 处理,处置

24. search for work 找工作

25.for the last 13 years 在过去的13年里

26. the mid-20th century 20世纪中期

27. stay the same 保持原状

28. according to 依照,按照

29. in one’s opinion 依......看

30. in my time 在我那个年代


【重点句型】

1. Have long have you had that bike over there? 那边的那辆自行车你买了多久了?


2. Amy has had her favorite book for three years . 艾米拥有她最喜欢的书3年了。


3. He has owned it since his fourth birthday. 自他四岁生日起,他拥有这个东西了。


4. Some people still live in their hometown. However, others may only see it once or twice a year. 有些人依然住在家乡,然而,另一些人可能一年只能回家乡一两次。


5. As for me ,I did not want to give up my football shirts,but to be honest, I have not played for a while now. 至于我,我不想放弃我的足球衣,但是,说实在的,我现在已经有一段时间没有踢球了。


6. Have you ever thought about having a yard sale to sell your things? 你是否曾经想过要举办一个庭院拍卖会来出售东西?


7. What would you do with the memory you raise? 

你会怎样处理你所筹集到得钱?


-------THE END-------

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