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人教版八年级下册课本知识点梳理

中学考试 2019-06-16 21:24:50



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      小芳老师把八年级下册课本重点短语和句型进行了归纳总结,你在玩儿的间隙拿出来看看,也能学到不少东西呢!


Unit 1 What’s the matter?


【重点短语】

1.have a fever 发烧

2.have a cough 咳嗽

3.have a toothache 牙疼

4.talk too much 说得太多

5.drink enough water 喝足够的水

6.have a cold 受凉;感冒

7.have a stomachache 胃疼

8.have a sore back 背疼

9.have a sore throat 喉咙痛

10. take risks 冒险

11.hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶

12.see a dentist 看牙医

13.get an X-ray 拍X 光片

14.take one’ s temperature 量体温

15.put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷药

16. give up 放弃

17. sound like 听起来像

18. all weekend 整个周末

19. in the same way 以同样的方式

20. go to a doctor 看医生

21. go along 沿着……走

22. on the side of the road 在马路边

23. shout for help 大声呼救

24. without thinking twice 没有多想

25. get off 下车

26. have a heart problem 有心脏病

27. to one’ s surprise 另某人惊讶的是

28. thanks to 多亏了 ;由于

29. in time 及时

30. make a decision 做出决定 

31. get into trouble 造成麻烦

32. right away 立刻;马上

33. because of 由于

34. get out of 离开;从……出来

35. keep on doing sth. 继续或坚持做某事

36. put a bandage on sth. 用绷带包扎

37. fall down 摔倒

38. feel sick 感到恶心

39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血

40. cut his knee 割伤他的膝盖

41. put her head back 把她的头向后仰

42. have problems breathing 呼吸困难

43. mountain climbing 登山运动

44. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事

45. run out (of) 用完;用尽

46. so that 以便

47. so...that... 如此……以至于...…

48. be in control of 掌管;管理

49. in a difficult situation 在闲境中


【重点句型】

1. What\\\\'s the matter with you?= What\\\\'the trouble with you?

= What\\\\'s wrong with you? 你怎么了?


2. What should she do? 她该怎么办呢?


3.Should I take my temperature? 我应该量一下体温吗?


4.You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下休息一会儿。


5. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book? 你认为它是来自报纸还是书呢?


6. I think I sat in the same way for too long without moving.我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。


7. She said that the man had a heart problem and should go to the hospital. 她说这个人有心脏病应该去医院。

Unit 2 I ’ll help to clean up the city parks.


【重点短语】

1.Clean-Up Day 清洁日

2. an old people’s home 养老院

3. help out with sth. 帮助解决困难

4. used to 过去常常......

5. care for 关心;照顾

6. the look of joy 快乐的表情

7. at the age of 在......岁时

8.clean up 打扫(或清除)干净

9. cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振奋

10. give out 分发;散发

11. come up with 想出;提出

12. make a plan 制订计划

13. make some notices 做些公告牌

14. try out 试用;试行

15. work for 为…工作;为…. 效力

16. put up 建造;举起;张贴

17. hand out 分发;散发;发给

18. call up 打电话;召集

19. put off 推迟;延迟

20. for example 比如;例如

21. raise money 筹钱;募捐

22. take after 与......相像;像

23. give away 赠送;捐赠

24. fix up 修理;修补;解决

25. be similar to 与……相似

26. set up 建立;设立

27. disabled people 残疾人

28. make a difference 影响;有作用

29. be able to 能够

30. after-school reading program 课外阅读项目


【重点句型】

1. The boy could give out food at the food bank. 这个男孩可以在食品救济站分发食物。


2. Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now. 清洁日离现在仅仅两周的时间。


3. He volunteers at an animal hospital every Saturday morning. 每周六上午,他都在一\\\\'家动物医院当志愿者。


4. Last year, she decided to try out for a volunteer after-school reading program. 去年,她决定去参加一个课外阅读项目的志愿者的选拔。


5.You can see in their eyes that they\\\\'re going on a different journey with each new book. 从他们的眼睛里你可以看到他们正在进行每本不同的新书之旅。


6. I want to put off my plan to work in an animal hospital until next summer. 我想把我在动物医院工作的计划推迟到明年夏天。


7. Most people today are only worried about getting good jobs to make lots of money. 现在的大部分人只是为找一份能挣许多钱的好工作而着急。


8. You helped to make it possible for me to have Luck. 在你的帮助下,我才有可能拥有“幸运儿”。

Unit 3 Could you please clean your room?


【重点短语】

1.go out for dinner 出去吃饭<